Based on 20+ Years of Science and Research

Professor Faubert is reputed to be the world’s preeminent neuroscientist in the field of visual perception. Professor Faubert has developed the science behind NeuroTracker through decades of research at the Faubert Lab (University of Montreal). This science is continuously evolving through research projects around the globe, many of which are supported through the non-profit Faubert Applied Research Centre. These are some of the peer reviewed studies published to date.


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Study

Enhancing Cognitive Function Using Perceptual Cognitive Training

Brendan Parsons, Tara Magill, Alexandra Boucher, Monica Zhang, Katrine Zogbo, Sarah Bérubé, Olivier Scheffer, Mario Beauregard, Jocelyn Faubert (2014)

This study used qEEG analysis to examine the effect of perceptual cognitive training on brain activity. Results demonstrated positive physiological changes on the brain.

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Perceptual-cognitive Training Improves Biological Motion Perception: Evidence for Transferability of Training in Healthy Aging

Isabelle Legault, Jocelyn Faubert (2012)

This study demonstrated the effectiveness of NeuroTracker training on biological biological motion perception abilities in healthy aging. It demonstrated dramatic far transfer in perceptual-cognitive abilities for reading and predicting human movement at close distances.

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Professional Athletes Have Extraordinary Skills for Rapidly Learning Complex and Neutral Dynamic Visual Scenes

Jocelyn Faubert (2013)

This unique study reveals dramatic differences in the visual learning capacities of professional athletes, amateurs and university students. It shows that elite athletes typically have superior perceptual-cognitive learning capacities.

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3D Multiple Object Tracking Training Task Improves Passing Decision-Making Accuracy in Soccer Players

Romeas, T., Guldner, A., & Faubert, J. (2016)For the first time, this study demonstrated that perceptual-cognitive training can provide far transfer to athletic performance in competitive play. Specifically it revealed that NeuroTracker training improved the passing decision-making accuracy of soccer players.

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3D Multiple Object Tracking Boosts Working Memory Span: Implications for Cognitive Training in Military Populations

Vartanian, Oshin; Coady, Lori; Blackler, Kristen (2016)NeuroTracker was examined for its effectiveness for improving working memory span in members of the Canadian Armed Forces. A very short intervention of 10 sessions of NeuroTracker training showed transfer to 3 different measures of working memory, with consistently large effect sizes.

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Can Multiple Object Tracking Predict Laparoscopic Surgical Skills?

Harenberg, S., McCaffrey, R., Butz, M., Post, D., Howlett, J., Dorsch, K. D., & Lyster, K. (2016)Medical students were assessed on NeuroTracker and a simulated laparoscopic surgery task. Correlations on the performance between the tasks were calculated, and compared other variables (age, hours of sleep, caffeine, and video game play). Only the NeuroTracker measures predicted outcomes for surgery performance in terms of movement efficiency and accuracy.

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Memory Training and Benefits for Quality Of Life in the Elderly

Mariana Medeiros Assed, Martha Kortas Hajjar Veiga de Carvalho, Cristiana Castanho de Almeida Rocca, Antonio de Pádua Serafim (2016)In a year-long case study with one elderly person with memory problems, NeuroTracker training and memory training interventions were used to investigate if long term benefits could be found. Results showed improvements in memory assessments and in quality of life measures, based on questionnaire assessments.

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Perceptual-cognitive Training with the NeuroTracker 3D-MOT to Improve Performance in Three Different Sports

Quevedo Junyent, lluïsa; Padrós Blázquez, Anna; Solé I. Fortó, Joan; Cardona Torradeflot, Genís (2015)Elite athletes in three different sports undertook a NeuroTracker training program. Using pre- and post- assessments, improvements across several different specific visual functions were found on optometric assessments. Transfer to athletic performance over the course of training was also found, based on athlete and coach questionnaire-based evaluations.

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The Limitations of Attentional Resources Across Developmental Groups: A Three-dimensional Multiple Object Tracking Study

Domenico Tullo; Jocelyn Faubert; Armando Bertone (2015)This study investigated the resource limits for dynamic visual attention across development using a short NeuroTracker training program. The results revealed that perceptual-cognitive functions develop with age, and that NeuroTracker measures can be used for characterizing the development of resource allocation in attentional processes.

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Visual Tracking Speed is Related to Basketball-specific Measures of Performance in NBA Players

Mangine, G. T., Hoffman, J. R., Wells, A. J., Gonzalez, A. M., Rogowski, J. P., Townsend, J. R., Jajtner, A. R., Beyer, K. S., Bohner, J. D., Pruna, G. J., Fragala, M. S., & Stout, J. R. (2014)The purpose of this study was to determine the relationship between visual tracking speed (NeuroTracker) and reaction time on basketball-specific measures of performance in NBA competitions. Reaction times did not correlate with on-court performance measures, whereas NeuroTracker scores were a strong predictor of several key performance metrics.

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Healthy Older Observers Show Equivalent Perceptual-cognitive Training Benefits to Young Adults for Multiple Object Tracking

Legault, I., Allard, R., & Faubert, J. (2013)Young adults and healthy older adults both completed a five week program of NeuroTracker training. The results showed that older adults start out with much lower NeuroTracker scores than young adults. However, they also respond to training with strong learning effects, typically reaching the levels of young adults within three hours of distributed training.

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Perceptual-Cognitive Training of Athletes

Faubert, J., & Sidebottom, L. (2012)This paper outlines the foundational concepts for the application of perceptual-cognitive training techniques (NeuroTracker) for the assessment and enhancement of athletic performance. It also presents a study NeuroTracker learning in relation to dual-task loads, revealing that learning effects are sensitive to motor-skill loads.

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Cholinergic Potentiation Improves Perceptual-Cognitive Training of Healthy Young Adults in Three Dimensional Multiple Object Tracking

Mira Chamoun, Frédéric Huppé-Gourgues, Isabelle Legault, Pedro Rosa-Neto, Daniela Dumbrava4, Jocelyn Faubert and Elvire Vaucher (2017)
This study examined the short and long term effects of Donepezil (DPZ) pharmacological enhancement on cognitive functions and learning related neuroplasticity using a NeuroTracker training program. NeuroTracker learning rates were heightened (compared to controls), and beneficial effects with sustained learning outcomes on NeuroTracker were seen up to 14 months later than initial training.

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Driving Simulator Scenarios and Measures to Faithfully Evaluate Risky Driving Behavior: A Comparative Study of Different Driver Age Groups

Jesse Michaels, Romain Chaumillon, David Nguyen-Tri, Donald Watanabe, Pierro Hirsch, Francois Bellavance, Guillaume Giraudet, Delphine Bernardin, Jocelyn Faubert (2017)
This study investigated correlations between mental workload, age, and NeuroTracker measures, with driving performance in 3 simulated scenarios. The goal was to see if these factors could be predictive of driving risks. Strong correlations with many driving specific performance metrics were found, including crash risk, emergency driving behavior, and average driving speed.

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Three-Dimensional Multiple Object Tracking Speed Thresholds are Associated with Measures of Simulated Driving Performance in Older Drivers

Heather Woods-Fry, Swanti Deut, Charles A. Collin, Sylvain Gagnon, Jocelyn Faubert, Michel Bédard, Shawn Marshall (2017)

This study tested the theory that driving performance is strongly associated with dynamic processing of multiple objects, by evaluating if NeuroTracker measures correlate with older driving performance in simulated scenarios. Highly significant correlations were found between NeuroTracker thresholds and both crash rate and lane deviation in the highway driving scenarios. This study adds plausibility to the idea that a multiple object tracking test such as NeuroTracker could be a candidate for inclusion in an assessment battery for older drivers.

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Perceptual-Cognitive & Physiological Assessment of Training Effectiveness

Jaclyn A. Hoke, Christopher Reuter, Thomas Romeas, Maxime Montariol, Thomas Schnell, Jocelyn Faubert (2018)

As part of a multi-year research project, the goal of this study is to develop methods for assessing the efficacy of training (including live and simulated platforms), by validating measures of cognitive workload that characterize skill acquisition. NeuroTracker assessments were performed during live and simulated flight at different difficulties of maneuvers, with assessment of technical performance and physiological metrics. NeuroTracker measures effectively revealed the cognitive loads involved with each level of flight.

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Effect of Age and Stereopsis on a Multiple Object Tracking Task

Marjolaine Plourde, Marie-Eve Corbeil, Jocelyn Faubert (2017)

3D vision (binocular stereo) develops during childhood and tends to reduce after 65 years of age. This study aimed to investigate whether these effects are significant when processing complex and dynamic motion. The results showed significant differences with adults for a stereo advantage, but less so for children, and even less for older people. This indicates NeuroTracker can be used to isolate and measure specific capacities for dynamic stereo visual processing.

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Using a Dual-Task Protocol to Investigate Motor and Cognitive Performance in Healthy Children and Youth

Fabri TL, Wilson KE, Holland N, Hickling A, Murphy J, Fait P, Reed N (2017)

This study investigated how performing simultaneous motor and cognitive tasks of varied complexity impacted these functions in healthy youth. It was found that performing NeuroTracker at the same time as a balance skill significantly reduced postural stability. The results provide a normative dataset for clinical practices to identify functional deficits following concussion.

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Relationship between King Devick TEST, SCAT3 and 3D MOT in Cognitive Assessment

Kimberly R Oslund, Hilary M Cullen, Kristina Kowalski, Brian Christie (2017)

This study examined baseline relationships between the Sport Concussion Assessment Tool 3 (SCAT3), the King-Devick Test (KDT) and 3D Multiple Object Tracking (NeuroTracker). Component tests of the SCAT3 and KDT explained a significant amount of the variance in NeuroTracker speed thresholds. These correlations could help inform clinicians responsible for making Return to Play determinations.

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Above and Beyond Driving Abilities: Toward a Single Index

Dr. Romain Chaumillon, Prof. Delphine Bernardin, Jesse Michaels, Jocelyn Faubert (2018

This study aimed to combine several tests known to assess driving fitness and propose a methodology to bring these together under a single index termed the ‘Driver’s Safety Index’. NeuroTracker scores correlated strongly with driving performance metrics in driving simulator tests. NeuroTracker scores were also a better predictor of driving performance than age. The study authors recommend that NeuroTracker should be a component in the battery of tests for obtaining or renewing a driving license.

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Three-dimensional Multiple Object Tracking in the Pediatric Population: The NeuroTracker and its Promising Role in the Management of Mild Traumatic Brain Injury

Corbin-Berrigan LA, Kowalski K, Faubert J, Christie B, Gagnon I (2018)

This study examined NeuroTracker learning effects in youth with and without mTBI to investigated if NeuroTracker can train visual perception after mTBI for stimulating recovery. Results showed that post-mTBI youths had significant cognitive deficits in terms of learning, but that these initial deficits alleviated quickly during the NeuroTracker training program. This study suggests that NeuroTracker can track and benefit the mTBI recovery process in children.

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Training with a Three‐dimensional Multiple Object‐Tracking (3D‐MOT) Paradigm Improves Attention in Students with a Neurodevelopmental Condition: A Randomized Controlled Trial

Brendan Parsons, Tara Magill, Alexandra Boucher, Monica Zhang, Katrine Zogbo, Sarah Bérubé, Olivier Domenico Tullo, Jacalyn Guy, Jocelyn Faubert, Armando Bertone (2018)

This study investigated NeuroTracker training as an intervention from improving attention in children with a range of neurodevelopmental learning conditions.

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